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amygdalina and A.
indica were the most cited anti-diabetic plants.
Leaves were the most employed part mainly by decoction.
Flavonoids (0.79mg/g), and alkaloids (0.86mg/g), were significantly higher (p<0.05) in root than stem and leaf of HS while flavonoids (0.38mg/g), saponins (0.49mg/g), alkaloids (0.30mg/g) and tannins (0.27mg/g) were significantly (p<0.05) higher in the leaf than stem and root of ML.
Flavonoids (0.51mg/g), alkaloids (0.42mg/g) and tannins (0.29mg/g) in rhizome were significantly (p<0.05) higher than in AS bulb.
300gHS+100g ZO+100gAS revealed significantly (p<0.05) higher flavonoids (0.85mg/g), saponins (0.95mg/g) alkaloids (1.81mg/g) and tannins (0.56mg/g) content than 300gML+100g ZO+100g AS.
Alloxan caused significant (p<0.05) reduction in the weights of diabetic rats.
100g HS and ML leaf aqueous extracts ameliorated rats weights loss by 14.75% and 20.29% while glibenclamide treatment ameliorated weight loss by 7.26%.
100g HS root, stem, and ML leaf extracts significantly (p<0.05) reduced the glucose level of diabetic rats by 39.00%, 54.40% and 41.70% respectively.
300g (HS) +100g (AS) +100g (ZO) produced the best hypoglycaemic effect (71.05%) on rats.
Ojewumi,Anthony Wale is an experienced Data Analyst.
He has Bachelor of Science (Botany) from Lagos State University and Master of Science in Botany (Plant physiology) from Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.
He is currently running his Ph.D degree in Botany(Plant Physiology) in the same University.He is happily married
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