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This work is aimed at finding out the extent to which policy pronouncements by Nigerian foreign policy decision-makers on non-alignment coincided with or diverged from concrete policy actions in the period, 1960-1979.
At independence, in 1960, Nigeria adopted the policy of not aligning with any power bloc ‘as a matter of routine’ – a deliberately vague, and perhaps confusing, hint at non-alignment.
However, as a result of her colonial heritage and the inability, even unwillingness, of the ruling elite to struggle for national economic self-reliance, Nigeria was unable to maintain a clearly non-aligned posture in her external relations.
The balance of her foreign relations weighed more in favour of the western-bloc.
The level of commitment to the ‘West’ was such that Nigeria’s anti-imperialist and anti-apartheid drives were severely handicapped.
Therefore, throughout the period studied (though to a lesser extent since the end of the Nigerian Civil War) there was always a wide gap between policy pronouncements and concrete actions.
Adegboyega AJAYI,PhD:Studied History at the Universities of Ife,Ile-Ife and Ibadan, Nigeria.Visiting Associate Professor, Department of History and International Studies, Joseph Ayo Babalola University,Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria.
He co-authored "A Critique of Sources of Nigerian History" and authored three other books/many journal articles.
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