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The degradation of rangeland grass is currently one of the most serious environmental problems in South Africa.
Increaser grass species has been used as indicators to evaluate rangeland condition.
Therefore, classifying these species and monitoring their relative abundance is an important step for sustainable rangelands management.
Traditional methods have been used in classifying increaser species over small geographic areas.
These methods are regarded as being costly and time-consuming, because grasslands usually cover large expanses that are situated in isolated and inaccessible areas.
In this regard, remote sensing techniques offer a practical and economical means for quantifying rangeland degradation over large areas.
This study advocates the development of techniques based on remote sensing to classify four dominant increaser species associated with rangeland degradation namely: Hyparrhenia hirta, Eragrostis curvula, Sporobolus africanus and Aristida diffusa in Okhombe communal rangeland, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Results showed that remotely sensed data with the random forest algorithm has the potential to accurately discriminate species with best overall accuracy.
Khalid Mansour received his Msc degree in geography, from Khartoum University, Sudan, in March 2003, and his PhD degree in environmental sciences from the School of Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, in 2012.
The main fields of his current research interest are mapping and monitoring rangeland degradation using RS.
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