Effectiveness of Guidance and Counseling in Enhancing Discipline
A Study among Secondary School Students in Olokurto Division Narok County, Kenya
Cases of truancy, drug abuse, immorality, destruction of property & loss of life are indicators of the existence of a conflict between educational aims & discipline among secondary school students.
This is despite the provision of guidance & counseling services in schools.
A descriptive survey design was employed in the study.
The study population comprised 861 students, 12 teacher counselors and 6 deputy principals drawn from the six public secondary schools in the division.
Stratified & simple random sampling techniques were employed in sampling 129 students for the study.
Schools, deputy principals & teacher counselors in the division were purposely sampled.
Questionnaires were used to obtain data from the respondents.
Using test-retest method, the instruments yielded a reliability coefficient of r = 0.76.
Data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 20.0.
The study found out that guidance & counseling had not been effective in enhancing discipline among students & further established shortage of resources, facilities and trained service providers as hindrances to the effective delivery of guidance and counseling services.
Robert Kamundia Irungu is a Doctoral candidate at Maasai Mara University.
He holds an M.Ed degree in Guidance & Counseling & a B.Ed degree in Special Needs Education.
He has a wide experience in educational matters and is a part time Lecturer at Maasai Mara University.