Epidemiology of Brucellosis in Sudanese Camels

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A study was conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors for brucellosis infection in camels.

A total of 415 camels in 39 herds were included in the study from four localities and blood samples were collected and screened by RBPT.

Twenty four samples tested positive giving an individual animal prevalence rate of 5.8% and further confirmed with c-ELISA.

Eighteen herds were found seropositive among the 39 herds included in the study.

In the univariate analysis there was a significant increase in seropositivity of brucellosis in camel with respect to age and herd size (P≤0.05).

Multivariate analysis showed that large herd size comprising more than 20 camels was significantly associated with seroprevalence of camel brucellosis (Exp B=5.660; 95% CI: 1.258 –25.463; P≤ 0.05).

The results of the present study indicate that brucella exists within the camel herds in Khartoum State.

The disease is widely distributed among large camel herds in the State.

Further studies need to be done on brucella infection in the other ruminants to determine which measures should be followed for control of brucellosis

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