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The study evaluated the teaching and learning of history in Senior High Schools in the Central Region of Ghana.
Specifically, the study focused on the methods of teaching the subject, learning styles of students, teaching-learning resources, assessment instruments and teachers’ and students’ perceptions of the subject.
Data were collected from documents, through the use of questionnaire and observation of classroom lessons.
The internal reliability co-efficient of the questionnaire was .735.
The sample comprised 570 students (selected randomly) and all the 31 history teachers from all the Senior High Schools in the Central Region which offer History.
Frequencies, percentages and means were the main statistical tools employed for the data analysis.
The study found that the most prominent methods of teaching history, in order of ranking, were the question and answer, discussion and lecture methods.
Students were found to use both audio-visual and active-reflective learning styles.
The findings also revealed the inadequacy of instructional resources in the schools and teachers’ use of class tests and exercises in assessing students’ learning outcomes.
Oppong Adabo Charles is a lecturer in History Education, University of Cape Coast and a part time lecturer in History, University of Education, Winneba.
He holds a BE.d (Hons) in Arts, M.A.
in Governance and Sustainable Development and M.Phil in Curriculum Studies, all from the University of Cape Coast, Ghana.
He is currently pursuing his DE.d.
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