Ancient Kurds - Kingdom of Subartu and Commagene and Mittanis
Ancient Kurds as descendants of Mesopotamia - Kingdom of Subartu and Mittanis and The Kingdom of Commagene
Little is known of the region of Commagene prior to the beginning of the 2nd century BC.
However, it seems that, from what little evidence remains, Commagene formed part of a larger state that also included the Kingdom of Sophene.
This control lasted until c.
163 BC, when the local satrap, Ptolemaeus of Commagene, established himself as an independent ruler following the death of the Seleucid king, Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
However Subartu is an early name for Assyria proper on the Tigris and westward, although there are various other theories placing it sometimes a little farther to the east and/ or north.
Its precise location has not been identified.
From the point of view of the Akkadian Empire, no native sources for the history of Mitanni (i.e.
Hanilgalbat) have been found so far.
The account is mainly based on Assyrian, Hittite, and Egyptian sources, as well as inscriptions from nearby places in Syria.
Often it is not even possible to establish synchronicity between the rulers of different countries and cities, let alone give uncontested absolute dates.
Kemal Yildirim is a researcher on oriental studies and has more than 50 books and a number of feature films as well as Documentaries.
He currently works on Ancient and modern world cultures.