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Nauru (/nɑːˈuːruː/ nah-OO-rooor /ˈnaʊruː/ NOW-roo; Nauruan: Naoero), officially the Republic of Nauru (Nauruan: Repubrikin Naoero) and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country and microstate in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific.
Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 km (190 mi) to the east.
It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, 1,300 km (810 mi) northeast of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands.
With only a 21 km (8.1 sq mi) area, Nauru is the third-smallest country in the world behind Vatican City, and Monaco, making it the smallest republic.
Additionally, its population of 10,670 is the world's second smallest, after Vatican City.
Settled by people from Micronesia and Polynesia c.
1000 BC, Nauru was annexed and claimed as a colony by the German Empire in the late 19th century.
After World War I, Nauru became a League of Nations mandate administered by Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.
During World War II, Nauru was occupied by Japanese troops, and was bypassed by the Allied advance across the Pacific.
Kemal Yıldırım is an orientalist and specialist on small nations politics and Diplomacy.
He has published more than 100 books as well as more than 100 articles in peer journals.
He has produced various documentaries and feature films.
He works on political theories and Ancient and Modern world cultures.
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